Mathematician, Walter Noll (1925-2017).This photo was taken at the XXXII International Congress of The Italian Society of Historians of Physics and Astronomy, Physics, Astronomy and Engineering, Rome, Italy, September 27, 2012. (Wikimedia Commons image by "Emanzamp.") |

"In non-classical physics, the term "force" is used when such things as gravitational force, electromagnetic force, weak force, and strong force are considered. The term cannot be given an interpretation similar to the one used in classical physics..."[2]

Flashback to college freshman physics.Forces on a body on an inclined plane. If the block is held by friction, there's no acceleration, so where's the force? (Created using Inkscape.) |

Clifford Truesdell (1919-2000).Truesdell was also an historian of science and mathematics, editing, or co-editing, six volumes of the collected works of Leonhard Euler. (Copyright Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, Creative Commons Licensed, via Wikimedia Commons. Modified for artistic effect.) |

• The Future of Scientific Publication[5] - In this 2008 publication, Noll proposes that every scientist have his own website on which to publish his papers. This process would start with publication of his Ph.D. thesis, and it would enable a better dissemination of research than traditional journals. Noll recalls his suspicion that publication of one of his works was blocked at a particular publisher by a competing mathematician. He further remarks that his book, when published, was priced at $350, but he published it on his website at no charge.

• The Role of the Professor[6] - In this 1997 article, Noll states that the primary objective of a professor should be neither teaching nor research. Instead, he should "profess;" that is, spend most of his time telling the world how wonderful his subject area is. Noll writes that high school mathematics education is in a sad state because too few of its teachers have such passion.

• On the Past and Future of Natural Philosophy[7] - In this 2005 article, Noll writes how mathematics and physics were combined in the 17th and 18th century, but now they are separate specialties.

• What is Mathematics all about[8] - In this 2006 paper, Noll writes that memorization should be only a minor part of mathematics education. Presciently, he observes, "If all you can do is to solve a problem according to some recipe, you will soon lose your job, because you can be replaced by a computer program."

• Mathematics should not be boring[9] - The main point of this 2003 paper is that arithmetic and "being good with numbers" is different from mathematics.

- Frank Wilczek, "Whence the Force of F = ma? I: Culture Shock," Physics Today, vol. 57, no. 10 (October, 2004), p. 11, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1825251. Also here.
- Walter Noll, "On the concept of force," April, 2007, CMU Mathematics Department Web Site.
- Emily McConville, "Obituary: Walter Noll / Carnegie Mellon University mathematician," Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, June 11, 2017.
- Curriculum vitae of Walter Noll (MS Word Document), CMU Mathematics Department Web Site.
- Noll, Walter, "The Future of Scientific Publication," 2008, 6 pages, CMU Mathematics Department Web Site.
- Walter Noll, "The Role of the Professor, August, 1992 (revised April, 1997), 3 pages, CMU Mathematics Department Web Site.
- Walter Noll, "On the Past and Future of Natural Philosophy," 2005, 13 pages, CMU Mathematics Department Web Site.
- Walter Noll, "What is Mathematics all about," 2006, 9 pages, CMU Mathematics Department Web Site.
- Walter Noll, "Mathematics should not be boring," 2003, 18 pages, CMU Mathematics Department Web Site.
- Walter Noll, Collected Works, CMU Mathematics Department Web Site.